Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/737
Type: Artigo
Title: Chronic alcoholism associated with diabetes impairs erectile function in rats
Author: Celini, Fabia P. M.
Tirapelli, Luis F.
Celotto, Andrea C.
Tirapelli, Daniela P. C.
Capellini, Verena K.
Lizarte, Fermino S.
Novais, Paulo C.
Levora, Paulo R. B.
Claudino, Mario A.
Tirapelli , Carlos R.
Morgueti, Marcelo
Tucci JR., Silvio
Cologna, Adauto J.
Antunes, Edson
Martins, Antonio C. P.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of chronic ethanol consumption and diabetes on nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation of cavernosal smooth muscle (CSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, isocaloric, diabetic and ethanol-diabetic. The CSMs were mounted in organ chambers for measurement of isometric tension. Contraction of the strips was induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS, 1-32 Hz) and phenylephrine. We also evaluated the effect of ethanol consumption on the relaxation induced by acetylcholine (ACh; 0.01-1000 mu mol/L), sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 0.01-1000 mu mol/L) or EFS (1-32 Hz) in strips pre-contracted with phenylephrine (10 mu mol/L). Immunoexpression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) was also accessed. RESULTS The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by ACh was decreased in CSM from ethanol-diabetic rats when compared with the controls, with a mean (sem) of 21 (4) vs 37 (2)%. Similarly, the potency and maximal responses induced by SNP were reduced in the ethanol-diabetic [3.97 (0.38) and 85 (1)%, respectively] and diabetic groups [3.78 (0.56) and 81 (2)%, respectively] when compared with the controls [5.3 (0.22) and 90 (3)%, respectively] and isocaloric [5.3 (0.19) and 92 (1)%, respectively] groups. Noradrenergic nerve-mediated contractions of CSM in response to EFS were increased in rats from ethanol-diabetic and diabetic groups when compared with the control and isocaloric groups. Conversely, there were no differences in EFS-induced relaxation among the groups. The immunostaining assays showed overexpression of eNOS and iNOS in the CSM from diabetic and ethanol-diabetic rats when compared with the control and isocaloric rats. CONCLUSION There was an impairment of relaxation of CSM from ethanol-diabetic and diabetic rats that involved a decrease in the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate signalling pathway by endothelium-dependent mechanisms accompanied by a change in the CSM contractile sensitivity.
To investigate the effects of chronic ethanol consumption and diabetes on nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation of cavernosal smooth muscle (CSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, isocaloric, diabetic and ethanol-diabetic. The CSMs were mounted in organ chambers for measurement of isometric tension. Contraction of the strips was induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS, 1-32 Hz) and phenylephrine. We also evaluated the effect of ethanol consumption on the relaxation induced by acetylcholine (ACh; 0.01-1000 mu mol/L), sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 0.01-1000 mu mol/L) or EFS (1-32 Hz) in strips pre-contracted with phenylephrine (10 mu mol/L). Immunoexpression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) was also accessed. RESULTS The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by ACh was decreased in CSM from ethanol-diabetic rats when compared with the controls, with a mean (sem) of 21 (4) vs 37 (2)%. Similarly, the potency and maximal responses induced by SNP were reduced in the ethanol-diabetic [3.97 (0.38) and 85 (1)%, respectively] and diabetic groups [3.78 (0.56) and 81 (2)%, respectively] when compared with the controls [5.3 (0.22) and 90 (3)%, respectively] and isocaloric [5.3 (0.19) and 92 (1)%, respectively] groups. Noradrenergic nerve-mediated contractions of CSM in response to EFS were increased in rats from ethanol-diabetic and diabetic groups when compared with the control and isocaloric groups. Conversely, there were no differences in EFS-induced relaxation among the groups. The immunostaining assays showed overexpression of eNOS and iNOS in the CSM from diabetic and ethanol-diabetic rats when compared with the control and isocaloric rats. CONCLUSION There was an impairment of relaxation of CSM from ethanol-diabetic and diabetic rats that involved a decrease in the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate signalling pathway by endothelium-dependent mechanisms accompanied by a change in the CSM contractile sensitivity
Subject: Diabetes ellitus
Disfunção erétil
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Wiley
Citation: BJU INTERNATIONAL, v.105, n.11, p.1592-1597, 2010
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2009.09084.x
Address: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2009.09084.x
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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