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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The interplay between plant traits and herbivore attack: a study of a stem galling midge in the neotropics
Author: Prado, PIKL
Vieira, EM
Abstract: 1. The relationship between plant traits and the frequency of attack by a stem galling midge, Neolasioptera sp. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), on Eremanthus erythropappus (Asteraceae) was studied. The morphological changes of the host after a galler attack and the potential effects of these changes on attacks by the next generation of gallers were analysed. The study was conducted in the Serra do Japi, Sla Paulo, south-eastern Brazil. 2. Galled branches were significantly longer, thicker, and had more leaves than ungalled branches. Accordingly, gall establishment was higher in the longer and more foliose branches. Hence, it is suggested that ovipositing females are maximizing their performance by selecting larger branches. 3. Galled branches were larger than ungalled branches of the same age. Two hypotheses, not necessarily exclusive, can explain this pattern: (1) the plant vigour hypothesis that the females are choosing the more vigorous,fast-growing branches, which still remain more vigorous after galling; or (2) the resource regulation hypothesis that galling increases branch growth rates, thus increasing resource quality for forthcoming: conspecifics. 4. Co-occurrence frequencies of current and past generation galls showed that the likelihood of a branch being galled increased when it, or the branch from which it stemmed, had been galled before. The data indicated that this preference was conditioned by the number of previous attacks. Heavier attack intensities, such as one gall in the same branch and another in the branch from which it stemmed, decreased the probability of further galling. 5. The suggested links between herbivore attack and plant traits indicate that studies on host selection by phytophagous insects must take into account that herbivory itself may change the plant traits that are postulated to be selected by the insects.
Subject: Asteraceae
plant vigour hypothesis
resource regulation hypothesis
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Blackwell Science Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2311.1999.00173.x
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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