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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||The in vitro effect of levonorgestrel on the acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa from fertile men|
|Abstract:||The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of levonorgestrel (LNG) on the occurrence of acrosome reaction (AR) of capacitated spermatozoa from fertile men. A total of 20 semen samples from four fertile men were evaluated. The spermatozoa were separated by swim-up, and subsequently incubated for 20 h under capacitating conditions. Capacitated spermatozoa were exposed to three different concentrations of LNG (200, 400 and 800 ng/mL), follicular fluid (20% v/v), and ethanol or human tubal fluid medium (HTF) as a control. The AR rate and the ratio of live to dead spermatozoa were assessed after 15 and 30 min of incubation at 37degreesC and 5% CO2. The different treatments were compared with follicular fluid and HTF medium as positive and negative controls. The main results showed that the AR rate after 15 min of exposure was not affected by LNG and was significantly higher with follicular fluid than with all the other treatments. At 30 min of exposure, the three LNG concentrations induced a greater rate of AR than the HTF and a trend of higher AR rate with greater concentration was observed. Follicular fluid induced a significantly higher rate of AR than the other treatments. In conclusion, the addition of LNG in vitro to capacitated human spermatozoa is associated with a dose-dependent increased rate of AR, but such increase was not as Great that induced by follicular fluid. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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