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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Validation of surrogate indexes of insulin sensitivity in acute phase of myocardial infarction based on euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp
Author: Moura, FA
Carvalho, LSF
Cintra, RMR
Martins, NV
Figueiredo, VN
Silva, JCQE
Almeida, OLR
Coelho, OR
Sposito, AC
Abstract: The decrease in insulin sensitivity (IS) during myocardial infarction (MI) is recognized as a possible contributor to poor patient outcomes. Despite its potential relevance, a standardized and convenient IS assessment tool has yet to be established for said clinical scenarios. This study aimed to validate the accuracy of surrogate indexes in determining IS in acute MI patients by comparison with the gold standard reference method for measuring IS, the euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC). We performed EHCs in 31 consecutive nondiabetic patients who were admitted within the first 24 h of symptoms of ST-segment elevation MI. Patients with prior diagnosis of diabetes, use of hypoglycemic agents, or a glycosylated hemoglobin >= 6.5% were excluded. EHCs were performed at the second day (D2) and sixth day (D6) post-MI. Basal (12-h fasting) blood samples from D2 and D6 were used to evaluate patient blood glucose and insulin levels. We then calculated the following surrogate indexes: homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA2S), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI). The IS index measured by EHC (ISiclamp) was correlated to HOMA2S, HOMA-IR, and QUICKI at D2 (r = 0.485, P = 0.009; r = -0.384, P = 0.048; r = 0.479, P = 0.01, respectively) and D6 (r = 0.621, P = 0.002; r = -0.576, P = 0.006; r = 0.626, P = 0.002, respectively). Receiver operator characteristic curves made for discrimination of ISiclamp above the median in D2 and D6 depicted areas under the curve of 0.740, 0.734, and 0.760 for HOMA2S, HOMA-IR, and QUICKI, respectively. Bland-Altman plots displayed no apparent systematic error for indexes, but a propensity for proportional error, particularly with HOMA-IR. Thus, based on EHC, these simple surrogate indexes are feasible for assessing IS during MI.
Subject: homeostatic model assessment
insulin sensitivity
euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp
myocardial infarction
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Physiological Soc
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00566.2013
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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