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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Using nondeterministic learners to alert on coffee rust disease
Author: Luaces, O
Rodrigues, LHA
Meira, CAA
Bahamonde, A
Abstract: Motivated by an agriculture case study, we discuss how to learn functions able to predict whether the value of a continuous target variable will be greater than a given threshold. In the application studied, the aim was to alert on high incidences of coffee rust, the main coffee crop disease in the world. The objective is to use chemical prevention of the disease only when necessary in order to obtain healthier quality products and reductions in costs and environmental impact. In this context, the costs of misclassifications are not symmetrical: false negative predictions may lead to the loss of coffee crops. The baseline approach for this problem is to learn a regressor from the variables that records the factors affecting the appearance and growth of the disease. However, the number of errors is too high to obtain a reliable alarm system. The approaches explored here try to learn hypotheses whose predictions are allowed to return intervals rather than single points. Thus, in addition to alarms and non-alarms, these predictors identify situations with uncertain classification, which we call warnings. We present three different implementations: one based on regression, and two more based on classifiers. These methods are compared using a framework where the costs of false negatives are higher than that of false positives, and both are higher than the cost of warning predictions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Machine learning
Agriculture application
Risk assesment
Coffee rust
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2011.05.003
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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