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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Xylanase mass transfer studies in aqueous two-phase systems using spray and sieve plate columns|
|Abstract:||Aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) have long been used for biomolecule partitioning; these systems offer the possibility of using continuous or semicontinuous extraction processes. They require relatively simple equipment like spray or sieve plate columns that can be adapted for use in ATPSs. The aim of this work was to study the semicontinuous extraction of a model enzyme, xylanase, in spray and sieve plate columns, since, unlike centrifugal contactors. the cost of construction and maintenance of this equipment is low and it is easy to operate. For the spray column, the dispersed phase hold-up and overall mass transfer coefficients K-D a were evaluated for different column heights and for different superficial velocities of the dispersed phase (light phase). Results indicated that an increase in superficial velocity in the range of 0-0.18 mm/s of the dispersed phase had a positive effect on K-D a and on hold-up in all column heights studied, 75, 161 and 246 min. For the same superficial velocity of the dispersed phase, the larger the hold-up was, the shorter the column. For the sieve plate column, the effects of the superficial velocity of the dispersed phase and the number of plates were also studied. Results showed that the K-D a and hold-up increased with an increase in both parameters. The selectivity of separation of xylanase and BSA (model contaminant) was very high, since 60% of the enzyme was extracted in the light phase, whereas no significant amount of BSA was extracted. The possibility of using the sieve plate column in continuous operation for enzyme extraction was studied because previous work had only addressed the semicontinuous extraction of enzyme. The residence time distribution of the PEG phase using different superficial velocities of the salt phase was studied in continuous operation. The time required to reach the steady state was 40 min, and 70% of the xylanase was recovered. It was found that the Modified Power Spline software was well adjusted to the experimental results.|
sieve plate column
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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