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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Ventricular pacing threshold after transthoracic external defibrillation with two different waveforms: an experimental study
Author: Assumpcao, AC
de Oliveira, PPM
Vilarinho, KAD
Eghtesady, P
Filho, LMS
Lavagnoli, CFR
Severino, ESBD
Petrucci, O
Abstract: Although an increase in the ventricular pacing threshold (VPT) has been observed after administration of transthoracic shock for ventricular defibrillation, few studies have evaluated the phenomenon with respect to the defibrillation waveform energy. Therefore, this study examined the VPT behaviour after transthoracic shock with a monophasic or biphasic energy waveform. Domestic Landrace male piglets implanted with a permanent pacemaker stimulation system were divided into three groups: no ventricular fibrillation (VF) induction and transthoracic shock with monophasic or biphasic energy (group I); VF induction, 1 min of observation without intervention, 2 min of external cardiac massage, and transthoracic shock with monophasic or biphasic energy (group II); and VF induction, 2 min of observation without intervention, 4 min of external cardiac massage, and transthoracic shock with monophasic or biphasic energy (group III). After external shock, the VPT was evaluated every minute for 10 min. A total of 143 experiments were performed. At the end of the observation period, groups I and II showed steady VPT values. Group III showed an increase in VPT with monophasic or biphasic external energy, with no difference between the external energy sources. The monophasic but not the biphasic waveform was associated with higher VPT values when the VF was longer. Defibrillation does not have a significant impact on pacing threshold, but a longer VF period is related to a higher VPT after defibrillation with monophasic waveform.
Subject: Pacing threshold
Electric countershock
Electric defibrillation
Monophasic shock
Biphasic shock
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Oxford Univ Press
Citation: Europace. Oxford Univ Press, v. 15, n. 2, n. 297, n. 302, 2013.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1093/europace/eus288
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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