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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The three-dimensional numerical aerodynamics of a movable block burner
Author: Fudihara, TJ
Goldstein, L
Mori, M
Abstract: Computational fluid-dynamics techniques were employed to study the aerodynamics of a movable block swirl burner, developed by the International Flame Research Foundation, IFRF, which is characterized by the ability to adjust continuously and dynamically the intensity of the swirl by means of the simultaneous rotation of eight movable blocks, inserted between eight fixed blocks. Five three-dimensional grids were constructed for the burner, corresponding to five positions of the movable blocks. Both the k-epsilon and RNG k-epsilon isotropic turbulence models were applied. Only the latter described the existence of a central reverse flow along the annular duct. The employment of first-order and second-order interpolation schemes provided distinct results. The later provided results closer to the experimental tests. The swirl number decayed in the annular duct. The predicted swirl numbers for this movable block swirl burner were lower than the corresponding IFRF's experimental data, as was also observed by other researchers. This gave rise to the suspicion of some possible measurement error in the IFRF's experiments. On the other hand, the lack of agreement between the experimental data and the predictions regarding swirling flows could be attributed to the possible inadequate performance of the k-epsilon model, as a consequence of its isotropic approximation. Still another possible explanation could be a phenomenon called bifurcation, in which one given swirl number can be associated with two distinct conditions of steady state flow. In addition, this complex flows requires a scrupulous development of the grids for the boundary condition and the employment of adequate interpolation schemes.
Subject: burner
swirling flows
turbulence models
finite volume
Country: Brasil
Editor: Brazilian Soc Chemical Eng
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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