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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The roles of cellular and dendritic microstructural morphologies on the corrosion resistance of Pb-Sb alloys for lead acid battery grids
Author: Osorio, WR
Rosa, DM
Garcia, A
Abstract: During the past 20 years, lead acid batteries manufacturers have modified grid manufacturing processes and the chemical composition of the used alloys in order to decrease battery grid weight as well as to reduce the production costs, and to increase the battery life-time cycle and the corrosion resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cellular and dendritic microstructures of two different Pb-Sb alloys on the resultant corrosion behavior. A water-cooled unidirectional solidification system was used to obtain cellular and dendritic structures. Macrostructural and microstructural aspects along the casting have been characterized by optical microscopy and SEM techniques. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization curves were used to analyze the corrosion resistance of samples in a 0.5 M H2SO4 solution at 25 degrees C. For cellular microstructures the corrosion rate decreases with increasing cell spacing. In contrast, finer dendritic spacings exhibit better corrosion resistance than coarser ones. The microstructural pre-programming may be used as an alternative way to produce Pb alloy components in conventional casting, rolled-expanded, and continuous drum casting with better corrosion resistance. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Pb-Sb alloy
battery grids
cellular microstructure
dendritic microstructure
corrosion resistance
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Journal Of Power Sources. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 175, n. 1, n. 595, n. 603, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.08.091
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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