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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The relationship between parental nutritional status and overweight children/adolescents in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Author: de Marins, VMR
Almeida, RMVR
Pereira, RA
Barros, MBD
Abstract: Background. The association between overweight parents and overweight children/adolescents was investigated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil between 1995 and 1996, controlling for the influence of socio-economic and demographic factors. Methods. Data were obtained from a two-stage, residence-based, random sample survey of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years and their parents. Body mass index (BMI) was used to classify nutritional status. Initially, a logistic regression model was built, using an indicator of parental weight (maternal BMI) as one of the independent variables and the child/adolescent's BMI as the dependent variable. Following that, the association between socio-economic and demographic variables and overweight children/adolescents was analysed in a univariate analysis. These variables were preselected for inclusion in the Logistic model, provided that their levels of statistical significance were below P = 0.25, and were added to the model individually according to the order of association strength in the univariate analysis. Finally, variables were retained in this model at a significance level of P = 0.05. Results. This study found that 20.7% of girls and 26.9% of boys were overweight, with a larger prevalence among children aged Less than 9 years. In addition to maternal BMI, the predictors of overweight children and adolescents were age, gender and the number of people in a house. Conclusions. These results demonstrate the relationship between maternal nutritional status and overweight children and adolescents, suggesting that obesity-prevention programmes should be focused on the family. (C) 2004 The Royal Institute of Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: W B Saunders Co Ltd
Citation: Public Health. W B Saunders Co Ltd, v. 118, n. 1, n. 43, n. 49, 2004.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0033-3506(03)00145-8
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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