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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||The production of volatile compounds by yeasts isolated from small Brazilian cachaca distilleries|
|Abstract:||The production of volatile compounds by 24 strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and one strain each of Candida apicola, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, Hanseniaspora occidentalis, Pichia subpelicullosa and Schizosaccharomyces pombe was evaluated with respect to the production of cachaca. They were isolated from small cachaca distilleries (27), industrial cachaca distilleries (2) and one sugarcane alcohol distillery, and tested in synthetic medium for the production of acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, propanol, isobutanol, isoamyl alcohol, acetic acid and glycerol. The Saccharomyces strains showed a narrow range of variation in the production of such compounds, near 50% of the average of each volatile compound concentration. Principal component analysis showed the separation of the strains into six groups, and acetic acid production was the variable of greatest impact in the differentiation of the strains. The strains of S. pombe formed a distinct group (Group 2), and the strains of C. apicola and H. occidentalis formed a joint group (Group 6) as did Sc13 and Sc4 (Group 4). Group 1 was formed exclusively of S. cerevisiae. The closest non-Saccharomyces strains were C. apicola and H. occidentalis, with a similarity index of about 0.95. The strain P. subpelliculosa showed general characteristics more similar to those of the S. cerevisiae strains than to the non-Saccharomyces strains.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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