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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The presynaptic activity of bothropstoxin-I, a myotoxin from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom
Author: Oshima-Franco, Y
Leite, GB
Dal Belo, CA
Hyslop, S
Prado-Franceschi, J
Cintra, ACO
Giglio, JR
da Cruz-Hofling, MA
Rodrigues-Simioni, L
Abstract: Bothropstoxin-I from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom is a lysine-49 phospholipase A(2) with myotoxic and neurotoxic activities. In this study, we used mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations in the absence and presence of manganese (Mn2+), a presynaptic blocker, to investigate a possible presynaptic action of bothropstoxin-I. At concentrations of 0.9 mM and 1.8 mM, Mn2+ produced 50% neuromuscular blockade in less than 4 min., which was spontaneously reversible at the lower concentration. Bothropstoxin-I (1.4 muM) irreversibly inhibited neuromuscular blockade by 50% in 31+/-4 min. (mean+/-S.E.M., n=9). Pretreating preparations with 0.9 mM Mn2+ prevented the blockade by bothropstoxin-I. When added after bothropstoxin-I, Mn2+ produced its characteristic blockade and, after washing, the twitch tension returned to pre-Mn2+ levels, indicating that bothropstoxin-I caused irreversible damage before the addition of Mn2+. Electrophysiological measurements showed that a concentration of bothropstoxin-I (0.35 muM), which did not produce neuromuscular blockade, caused the appearance of giant miniature end-plate potentials with no change in the membrane resting potential but increased the quantal content. Preparations preincubated with Mn2+ (0.9 mM, 30 min.) were protected against the depolarizing action of bothropstoxin-I (0.7 muM). These results show that, in addition to its well-known myotoxic effect, bothropstoxin-I also has a presynaptic action.
Country: Dinamarca
Editor: Blackwell Munksgaard
Citation: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. Blackwell Munksgaard, v. 95, n. 4, n. 175, n. 182, 2004.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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