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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Solution studies and structural model of the extracellular domain of the human amyloid precursor protein|
de Oliveira, CLP
|Abstract:||The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is the precursor of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta), which is centrally related to the genesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In addition, APP has been suggested to mediate and/or participate in events that lead to neuronal degeneration in AD. Despite the fact that various aspects of the cell biology of APP have been investigated, little information on the structure of this protein is available. In this work, the solution structure of the soluble extracellular domain of APP (sAPP, composing 89% of the amino acid residues of the whole protein) has been investigated through a combination of size-exclusion chromatography, circular dichroism, and synchrotron radiation small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) studies. sAPP is monomeric in solution (65 kDa obtained from SAXS measurements) and exhibits an anisometric molecular shape, with a Stokes radius of 39 or 51 Angstrom calculated from SAXS or chromatographic data, respectively. The radius of gyration and the maximum molecular length obtained by SAXS were 38 Angstrom and 130 Angstrom, respectively. Analysis of SAXS data further allowed building a structural model for sAPP in solution. Circular dichroism data and secondary structure predictions based on the amino acid sequence of APP suggested that a significant fraction of APP (30% of the amino acid residues) is not involved in standard secondary structure elements, which may explain the elongated shape of the molecule recovered in our structural model. Possible implications of the structure of APP in ligand binding and molecular recognition events involved in the biological functions of this protein are discussed.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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