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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Solar flare detection sensitivity using the South America VLF Network (SAVNET)
Author: Raulin, JP
Bertoni, FCP
Gavilan, HR
Guevara-Day, W
Rodriguez, R
Fernandez, G
Correia, E
Kaufmann, P
Pacini, A
Stekel, TRC
Lima, WLC
Schuch, NJ
Fagundes, PR
Hadano, R
Abstract: We present recent observations of Sudden Phase Anomalies due to subionospheric propagation anomalies produced by solar X-ray flares. We use the new South America VLF Network (SAVNET) to study 471 ionospheric events produced by solar flares during the period May 2006 to July 2009 which corresponds to the present minimum of solar activity. For this activity level, we find that 100% of the solar flares with a X-ray peak flux above 5 x 10(-7) W/m(2) in the 0.1-0.8 nm wavelength range produce a significant ionospheric disturbance, while the minimum X-ray flux needed to do so is about 2.7 x 10(-7) W/m(2). We find that this latter minimum threshold is dependent on the solar cycle, increasing when the Sun is more active, thus confirming that the low ionosphere is more sensitive during periods of low solar activity. Also, our findings are in agreement with the idea that the ionospheric D-region is formed and maintained by the solar Lyman-alpha radiation outside solar flare periods.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Geophysical Union
Citation: Journal Of Geophysical Research-space Physics. Amer Geophysical Union, v. 115, 2010.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015154
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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