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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) is cytotoxic to intracellular amastigotes and promotes healing of topically treated Leishmania major or Leishmania braziliensis skin lesions
Author: Costa, ISF
de Souza, GFP
de Oliveira, MG
Abrahamsohn, ID
Abstract: Objectives: This study was designed to verify the cytotoxic activity of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) against intracellular Leishmania amastigotes and to test its efficacy as a topical treatment of localized cutaneous leishmaniasis ([CL) in Leishmania major- or Leishmania braziliensis-infected mice. Methods: Cytotoxic activity of GSNO was verified in L. major-infected THP-1 macrophages. S-nitrosated proteins were detected by immunofluorescence. Topical treatment was done by daily application of a solution of GSNO in PBS to the skin ulcer of Leishmania-infected mice. BALB/c and interferon-gamma-knockout (IFN-gamma-KO) C57BL/6 mice were infected with L. major and L. braziliensis, respectively. Ulcer size was measured weekly and the parasite loads were determined in the lesion and lymph nodes. Controls received PBS topically or amphotericin B (AMB) intravenously. Results: The number of intracellular L. major amastigotes was markedly reduced in GSNO-treated cultures; in these, staining for S-nitrosated proteins was present in the cytoplasm and colocalized with intracellular amastigotes. Topical treatment with GSNO of L. major ulcers in BALB/c mice suppressed lesion growth, reduced the parasite load and induced healing comparable to the effect of intravenously administered AMB. Topical GSNO treatment was also efficient at suppressing lesion growth in IFN-gamma-KO mice infected with L. braziliensis. Conclusions: GSNO is cytotoxic to intracellular L. major amastigotes in vitro and had a healing effect on LCL caused by L. major and L. braziliensis in mice. These positive results on the topical therapeutic effect of GSNO in mouse leishmaniasis infections provide the experimental basis for a possible future trial in the treatment of human LCL.
Subject: localized cutaneous leishmaniasis-LCL
nitric oxide donor molecules
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Oxford Univ Press
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkt210
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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