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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Smoking cessation may present a positive impact on mandibular bone quality and periodontitis-related bone loss: A study in rats
Author: Cesar-Neto, JB
Benatti, BB
Neto, FH
Sallurn, AW
Sallum, EA
Nociti, FH
Abstract: Background: It has been previously shown that cigarette smoke inhalation (CSI) enhances bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis. In this study, the hypothesis that the interruption of smoke exposure would reverse the impact of CSI on mandibular bone quality and periodontitis-related bone loss was tested. Methods: Fifty-three Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: group 1: control, N = 16; group 2: 83 days of CSI prior to ligature placement, N = 17; or group 3: 90 days of CSI before and 60 days after ligature placement, N = 20. Animals were sacrificed 60 days after ligature placement, the jaws removed and immediately radiographed for photodensitometry analysis. Bone loss was histometrically evaluated. Results: CSI did not affect unligated sites in either condition (P > 0.05); however, smoke inhalation during the whole experimental period significantly enhanced bone loss in ligated teeth (P < 0.05). Moreover, similar levels of bone loss were observed for ligated teeth between the control and cessation groups (0.90 ± 0.33 mm(2); 0.96 ± 0.32 mm(2); 1.64 ± 0.65 mm(2); groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively). Radiographically, continuous exposure to cigarette smoke promoted a significantly reduced bone density (1.74 ± 0.38 aluminum equivalence [Al eq]; 1.74 ± 0.14 Al eq; and 0.68 ± 0.10 Al eq for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Conclusions: Within the limits of the present investigation, it can be assumed that CSI may enhance bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis, and negatively impact mandibular bone quality. Additionally, smoke exposure cessation seems to reverse its impact on mandibular bone, and, therefore, may be of clinical relevance.
Subject: animal studies
bone and bones
bone loss/prevention and control
smoking/adverse effects
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Acad Periodontology
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1902/jop.2005.76.4.520
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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