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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Scaling of entanglement support for matrix product states
Author: Tagliacozzo, L
de Oliveira, TR
Iblisdir, S
Latorre, JI
Abstract: The power of matrix product states to describe infinite-size translational-invariant critical spin chains is investigated. At criticality, the accuracy with which they describe ground-state properties of a system is limited by the size chi of the matrices that form the approximation. This limitation is quantified in terms of the scaling of the half-chain entanglement entropy. In the case of the quantum Ising model, we find S similar to 1/6log chi with high precision. This result can be understood as the emergence of an effective finite correlation length xi(chi) ruling all the scaling properties in the system. We produce six extra pieces of evidence for this finite-chi scaling, namely, the scaling of the correlation length, the scaling of magnetization, the shift of the critical point, the scaling of the entanglement entropy for a finite block of spins, the existence of scaling functions, and the agreement with analogous classical results. All our computations are consistent with a scaling relation of the form xi(chi)similar to chi(kappa), with kappa=2 for the Ising model. In the case of the Heisenberg model, we find similar results with the value kappa similar to 1.37. We also show how finite-chi scaling allows us to extract critical exponents. These results are obtained using the infinite time evolved block decimation algorithm which works in the thermodynamical limit and are verified to agree with density-matrix renormalization-group results and their classical analog obtained with the corner transfer-matrix renormalization group.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Physical Soc
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.024410
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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