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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Sensitivity and specificity of machine learning classifiers and spectral domain OCT for the diagnosis of glaucoma
Author: Vidotti, VG
Costa, VP
Silva, FR
Resende, GM
Cremasco, F
Dias, M
Gomi, ES
Abstract: PURPOSE. To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of machine learning classifiers (MLC) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for the diagnosis of glaucoma. METHODS. Sixty-two patients with early to moderate glaucomatous visual field damage and 48 healthy individuals were included. All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, achromatic standard automated perimetry, and RNFL imaging with SD-OCT (Cirrus HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, California, USA). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were obtained for all SD-OCT parameters. Subsequently, the following MLCs were tested: Classification Tree (CTREE), Random Forest (RAN), Bagging (BAG), AdaBoost M1 (ADA), Ensemble Selection (ENS), Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Radial Basis Function (RBF), Naive-Bayes (NB), and Support Vector Machine (SVM). Areas under the ROC curves (aROCs) obtained for each parameter and each MLC were compared. RESULTS. The mean age was 57.0 +/- 9.2 years for healthy individuals and 59.9 +/- 9.0 years for glaucoma patients (p=0.103). Mean deviation values were -4.1 +/- 2.4 dB for glaucoma patients and -1.5 +/- 1.6 dB for healthy individuals (p<0.001). The SD-OCT parameters with the greater aROCs were inferior quadrant (0.813), average thickness (0.807), 7 o'clock position (0.765), and 6 o'clock position (0.754). The aROCs from classifiers varied from 0.785 (ADA) to 0.818 (BAG). The aROC obtained with BAG was not significantly different from the aROC obtained with the best single SD-OCT parameter (p=0.93). CONCLUSIONS. The SD-OCT showed good diagnostic accuracy in a group of patients with early glaucoma. In this series, MLCs did not improve the sensitivity and specificity of SD-OCT for the diagnosis of glaucoma.
Subject: Machine learning classifiers
Optical coherence tomography
Spectral domain
Country: Itália
Editor: Wichtig Editore
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.5301/ejo.5000183
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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