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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Selective non-operative management of abdominal gunshot wounds: Survey of practise
Author: Jansen, JO
Inaba, K
Resnick, S
Fraga, GP
Starling, SV
Rizoli, SB
Boffard, KD
Demetriades, D
Abstract: Background: There is a growing body of evidence attesting to the effectiveness and safety of selective non-operative management (SNOM) of abdominal gunshot wounds. However, much of the research which supports this conclusion has originated from a few centres, and the actual utilisation of SNOM by trauma surgeons is not known. We therefore conducted a survey to assess the acceptance of this strategy and evaluate variations in practise. Methods: Electronic questionnaire survey of trauma surgeons in the United States of America, Canada, Brazil, and South Africa. Responses were compared using Chi(2) and Fisher's exact tests. Results: 183 replies were received. 105 (57%) respondents practise SNOM of abdominal gunshot wounds, but there are marked regional variations in the acceptance of this strategy (p < 0.01). Respondents who had completed trauma (p < 0.01) or critical care (p < 0.01) fellowships, and those who practise in a higher volume centre (defined as > 50 penetrating abdominal injuries seen per year) (p < 0.01) are more likely to practise SNOM of gunshot wounds. Most surgeons who practise SNOM regard peritonitis, omental and bowel evisceration, and being unable to evaluate a patient as a contraindication to attempting non-operative management. Almost all regard CT as essential. Respondents' preparedness to consider SNOM is related to injury extent. Conclusions: SNOM of abdominal gunshot wounds is practised by trauma surgeons in all four countries surveyed, but is not universally accepted, and there are variations in how it is practised. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Trauma
Selective non-operative management
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2012.01.023
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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