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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Sedentary nestlings of Wood Stork as monitors of mercury contamination in the gold mining region of the Brazilian Pantanal
Author: Del Lama, SN
Rocha, CD
Jardim, WF
Tsai, JS
Frederick, PC
Abstract: Sedentary organisms that are at top trophic levels allow inference about the level of local mercury contamination. We evaluated mercury contamination in feather tissue of nestling Wood Storks (Mycteria americana), sampled in different parts of the Brazilian Pantanal that were variably polluted by mercury releases from gold mining activities. Levels of mercury in feathers sampled in seven breeding colonies were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy, and the mean value of mercury concentration was 0.557 mu g/g, dry weight (n=124), range 0.024-4.423 mu g/g. From this total sample, 21 feathers that represent 30% of nestlings collected in Porto da Fazenda and Tucum colonies, in the northern region, ranged from 1.0 to 4.43 mu g/g, dry weight (median value=1.87 mu/g). We found significant differences among regions (H=57.342; p=0<0.05). Results suggest that permanently flooded areas, or along mainstream rivers are more contaminated by mercury than dry areas, regardless of the distance from the gold mining center, which is located in the northern Pantanal. Highest values found in nestlings feathers were similar to those found in feathers of adult birds and in tissues of adult mammals that are less sedentary and were captured in the same region of Pantanal. These findings indicate that mercury released has been biomagnified and it is present in high concentrations in tissues of top consumers. We suggest a program to monitor mercury availability in this ecosystem using sedentary life forms of top predators like Wood Storks or other piscivorous birds. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Mercury
Top predator
Country: EUA
Editor: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
Citation: Environmental Research. Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 111, n. 8, n. 1091, n. 1095, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2011.07.007
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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