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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Secreted osteoclastogenic factor of activated T cells (SOFAT), a novel osteoclast activator, in chronic periodontitis|
de Macedo, CG
de Araujo, VC
|Abstract:||A novel activated human T cell-secreted cytokine, referred as secreted osteoclastogenic factor of activated T cells (SOFAT), that induce osteoclastogenesis in a RANKL-independent manner was recently described. This study evaluated the role of SOFAT in periodontal tissues and periodontitis. Gingival biopsies were harvested from systemically healthy non-periodontitis (n = 15) and chronic periodontitis patients (n = 15). The mRNA and protein levels of SOFAT were measured by qPCR and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Moreover, RAW 264.7 cells were cultured with SOFAT or Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL) and stained for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). Also, mice received a palatal injection between the first and second upper molar of SOFAT (100 ng/ml) or saline solution (0.9%). The upper jaw was removed, histologically processed and stained with hematoxilin and eosin to observe the presence of osteoclast-like cells. The mRNA and protein levels of SOFAT were significantly higher in the gingival tissue of the periodontitis group when compared to non-periodontitis one (p < 0.05). In addition, SOFAT potently induced TRAP-positive multinucleated cell formation by RAW 264.7 cells as well as induced the formation of osteoclast-like cells in the periodontal ligament in mice. The present study demonstrated that SOFAT may play an important role in periodontitis. (c) 2013 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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