Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/71240
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: SEASONAL AND INTERANUAL VARIABILITY OF THE FRACTAL DIMENTION OF TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY SERIES IN THE AMAZONIA AND PANTANAL
Author: Mello, GJ
De Paulo, IJC
De Paulo, SR
Gomes, RDR
Machado, NG
Nogueira, JD
Biudes, MS
Abstract: The rise in global average temperature, change in rainfall regime, the occurrence of more stringent droughts and floods, as well as the accelerated deforestation, all stress the need of describing and understanding the ecosystems. The time series analysis approach of the dynamic systems theory allows to characterize the nonlinear behavior of forest systems. The aim of this study was to analyze data from micrometeorological towers measured above the forest canopy in experimental sites in the Amazon and the Brazilian Pantanal, searching for climatic attractors with low fractal dimensions of the temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH) variables in the period 2005-2010. The annual and inter-annual sensitive variation of the estimates of fractal dimension, the exponent correlation dimension = D-2 (D-2(T)Amaz= 1,73 +/- 10,29; D-2(RH)Amaz= 1,89 +/- 10,30; D-2(T)pant= 2,08 +/- 10,26; D-2(RH)Pant = 2,23 +/- 10,18) and the embedding dimension m (m(T)Amaz= 8 +/- 2; m(RH)Amaz= 9 +/- 2; M(T)Pant= 9 +/- 1; m(RH)Pant= 10 +/- 11) strongly suggest the existence of periodic attractors and low dimension chaotic attractors governing the dynamics of these biomes. The exponent D-2 of the attractors varied in phase seasonally and was sensitive to forest fires.
Country: Venezuela
Editor: Interciencia
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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