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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Ring-Oven Based Preconcentration Technique for Microanalysis: Simultaneous Determination of Na, Fe, and Cu in Fuel Ethanol by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Cortez, J
Pasquini, C
Abstract: The ring-oven technique, originally applied for classical qualitative analysis in the years 1950s to 1970s, is revisited to be used in a simple though highly efficient and green procedure for analyte preconcentration prior to its determination by the microanalytical techniques presently available. The proposed preconcentration technique is based on the dropwise delivery of a small volume of sample to a filter paper substrate, assisted by a flow-injection-like system. The filter paper is maintained in a small circular heated oven (the ring oven). Drops of the sample solution diffuse by capillarity from the center to a circular area of the paper substrate. After the total sample volume has been delivered, a ring with a sharp (ca. 350 mu m) circular contour, of about 2.0 cm diameter, is formed on the paper to contain most of the analytes originally present in the sample volume. Preconcentration coefficients of the analyte can reach 250-fold (on a m/m basis) for a sample volume as small as 600 mu L. The proposed system and procedure have been evaluated to concentrate Na, Fe, and Cu in fuel ethanol, followed by simultaneous direct determination of these species in the ring contour, employing the microanalytical technique of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Detection limits of 0.7, 0.4, and 0.3 mu g mL(-1) and mean recoveries of (109 +/- 13)%, (92 +/- 18)%, and (98 +/- 12)%, for Na, Fe, and Cu, respectively, were obtained in fuel ethanol. It is possible to anticipate the application of the technique, coupled to modern microanalytical and multianalyte techniques, to several analytical problems requiring analyte preconcentration and/or sample stabilization.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/ac302755h
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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