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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Renal effects of acute and chronic nitric oxide inhibition in experimental diabetes
Author: Mattar, AL
Fujihara, CK
Ribeiro, MO
deNucci, G
Zatz, R
Abstract: We investigated whether nitric oxide (NO) contributes to glomerular hyperfiltration in experimental diabetes. Thirty-five adult male Munich-Wistar streptozocin-diabetic rats and 39 nondiabetic controls were distributed among 4 groups: C, normal controls; C + L-NAME, controls receiving the NO inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 40 mg/dl in drinking water; DM, diabetic rats; DM + L-NAME, diabetic rats receiving L-NAME, 15 mg/dl in drinking water. After 1 month of treatment, the DM + L-NAME group exhibited renal vasoconstriction and lacked hyperfiltration. Acute administration of L-NAME, 2.5 mg/kg, depressed the glomerular filtration rate and promoted renal vasoconstriction to a much greater extent in the DM than in the C group. Acute administration of endothelin 1 (600 ng/kg, bolus) or angiotensin II (25 mu g/kg/min, continuous infusion) exerted similar hemodynamic effects in the C and DM groups, suggesting that the enhanced response of DM to L-NAME reflected specific sensitivity to NO inhibition. Urinary excretion of nitrites and nitrates was fourfold higher in DM compared to C. These results support the notion that augmented NO production may contribute to renal hyperfiltration and hyperperfusion in diabetes.
Subject: endothelium-derived relaxing factor
glomerular filtration rate
renal hemodynamics
experimental diabetes
Country: Suíça
Editor: Karger
Citation: Nephron. Karger, v. 74, n. 1, n. 136, n. 143, 1996.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 1996
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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