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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Removal of Mn(II) and Cd(II) from wastewaters by natural and modified clays
Author: Dal Bosco, SM
Jimenez, RS
Vignado, C
Fontana, J
Geraldo, B
Figueiredo, FCA
Mandelli, D
Carvalho, WA
Abstract: The adsorption capacities of commercial and Brazilian natural clays were evaluated to test their applications in wastewater control. We investigated the process of sorption of manganese(II) and cadmium(II) present in synthetic aqueous effluents, by calculating the adsorption isotherms at 298 K using batch experiments. The influence of temperature and pH on the adsorption process was also studied. Adsorption of metals was best described by a Langmuir isotherm, with values of Q(0) parameter, which is related to the sorption capacity, corresponding to 6.3 mg g(-1) for K-10/Cd(II), 4.8 mg g(-1) for K-10/Mn(II), 11.2 mg g(-1) for NT-25/Cd(II) and 6.0 mg g(-1) for NT-25/Mn(II). We observed two distinct adsorption mechanisms that may influence adsorption. At the first 5 min of interaction, a cation exchange mechanism that takes place at exchange sites located on (001) basal planes is predominant. This process is inhibited by low pH values. After this first and fast step, a second sorption mechanism can be related to formation of inner-sphere surface complexes, which is formed at edges of the clay. The rate constants and the initial sorption rates correlate positively with temperature in all studied systems, denoting the predominance of a physisorption process. The addition of complexing agents that are incorporated within the K10 structure, enhance metal uptake by the adsorbent. The results have shown that both Cd(II) and Mn(II) were totally retained from a 50 mg L-1 solution when K10 grafted with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) was used as adsorbent.
Subject: modified clays
Brazilian clay
toxic metals
adsorption isotherm
heavy metals
Country: Holanda
Editor: Springer
Citation: Adsorption-journal Of The International Adsorption Society. Springer, v. 12, n. 2, n. 133, n. 146, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10450-006-0375-1
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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