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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Polymer latex stability modification by exposure to hydrophobic solvents
Author: Cardoso, AD
Galembeck, F
Abstract: The stability of latex particles toward coagulation in the presence of salt is modified by swelling the latex with toluene and chloroform vapors. Short-term stability was determined by turbidimetric titrations, and the long-term stability was evaluated by adding latex and salt solutions, allowing the mixture to age for 24 or 48 h and determining the characteristics of the supernatant and of the sediment. Nine different latexes were examined, with variable results: in some cases, both apolar solvents stabilize the latex; in other cases, increased stability is induced by only one of the solvents, either toluene or chloroform. There is also coherence, but not a strict correlation, between the solvent effects on short- and long-term stability. For instance, in the case of a core-and-shell styrene-butyl methacrylate latex, chloroform has a small stabilizing effect in the titration experiment, but it prevents the formation of a coagulated latex sediment even 48 h after mixing latex and salt. Two hypotheses are discussed to account for these observations: (i) swelling solvents decrease the particles ability to dissipate the collision kinetic energy, so that particles collide but without joining each other; (ii) the solvents induce the release of trapped charged groups from the particle interior to the interface, enhancing the usual (electrostatic, steric, hydration) stability factors. (C) 1998 Academic Press.
Subject: colloidal stability
particle swelling
latex stabilization by solvents
swelling and colloidal stability
hydrophobic solvent
effect on colloidal stability
Country: EUA
Editor: Academic Press Inc
Citation: Journal Of Colloid And Interface Science. Academic Press Inc, v. 204, n. 1, n. 16, n. 23, 1998.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 1998
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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