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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Proatherosclerotic effects of chronic stress in male rats: Altered phenylephrine sensitivity and nitric oxide synthase activity of aorta and circulating lipids
Author: Neves, VJ
Moura, MJCS
Tamascia, ML
Ferreira, R
Silva, NS
Costa, R
Montemor, PL
Narvaes, EAO
Bernardes, CF
Novaes, PD
Marcondes, FK
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of chronic mild unpredictable stress (CMS) on the vasoconstrictor response and morphology of the thoracic aorta and serum lipid profiles in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were submitted to CMS, which consisted of the application of different stressors for 7 days per week across 3 weeks. The rats were sacrificed 15 days after CMS expsoure. CMS induced supersensitivity to the vasoconstrictor effect of phenylephrine in endothelium-intact thoracic aortic rings without changes in aortic rings without endothelium, or pre-incubated with nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitor. Rats submitted to CMS showed hypertrophy of the intima and tunica media of thoracic aorta, increased serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and atherogenic index, without changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, when compared with control rats. These data indicate that CMS induces physiological and morphological changes that may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis by mechanisms related to deficiency in NO production and dyslipidemia.
Subject: Aorta
nitric oxide
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Citation: Stress-the International Journal On The Biology Of Stress. Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 12, n. 4, n. 320, n. 327, 2009.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/10253890802437779
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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