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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among pregnant Brazilian women|
|Abstract:||Objectives: To determine the prevalence and the risk factors associated with HCV infection among women at childbirth, and to assess potential for infectivity of anti-HCV-positive women. Methods: A total of 6995 women were interviewed and screened for HCV antibodies. Association and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: The anti-HCV prevalence was 1.5% by EIA-3 and 0.8% by RIBA-3; HCV-RNA (RT-PCR) was detected in 74% of the RIBA-positive samples. Blood transfusion, race (blacks), alcohol abuse, a history of STD and anti-HBc positivity were independent risk factors for HCV positivity. Except for parenteral exposure, independent predictors of anti-HCV were a history of STD, anti-HBc positivity, a sex partner with multiple sex partners and a sex partner with a history of hepatitis. Conclusions: The prevalence of anti-HCV is higher in pregnant women than in blood donors. Sexual exposure may facilitate the spread of HCV and there is a high potential for mother-to-infant transmission. (C) 2000 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.|
|Subject:||hepatitis C virus|
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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