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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Pretreatment of corn oil for physical refining|
|Abstract:||Crude corn oil that contained 380 ppm of phosphorus and 5% of free fatty acids was degummed, bleached, and winterized for physical refining. The pretreatment and the steam-refining conditions were studied in pilot plant scale (2 kg/batch). The efficiency of wet degumming and of the total degumming processes, at different temperatures, was evaluated. TriSyl silica was tested as an auxiliary agent in the reduction of the phosphorus content before bleaching. The experimental conditions of the physical refining were: temperature at 240 or 250 degrees C; 8 to 18 mbar vacuum, and distillation time varying from 1 to 3 h. Degumming at 10 or 30 degrees C resulted in the removal of more phosphorus than at 70 degrees C. Water degumming was more efficient than the processes of total degumming or acid degumming. Corn oil, degummed at 10 or 30 degrees C, after bleaching passed the cold test, irrespective of the degumming agent used. Degumming and winterization took place simultaneously at these temperatures. The pretreatment was able to reduce the phosphorus content to less than 5 ppm. The amount of bleaching earth was reduced by carrying out dry degumming or by using silica before bleaching. Corn oil acidity, after physical refining, varied from 0.49 to 1.87%, depending on the residence time. Contrary to alkali refining, physical refining did not promote color removal due to the fixation of pigments present in the crude corn oil.|
|Editor:||Amer Oil Chemists Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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