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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||High-pressure homogenization: a non-thermal process applied for inactivation of spoilage microorganisms in beer|
|Abstract:||The inactivation of spoilage microorganisms in beer using high-pressure homogenization (HPH) was studied with the aim of evaluating the possibility of changing the conventional pasteurization process using this particular process. The homogenization pressure required for the inactivation of lactic acid bacteria, acetic bacteria and yeasts was investigated. For the most resistant microorganisms, the pressure inactivation kinetics and the effects of multiple process passes, initial temperature of the beer and the CO2 concentration were studied. The results indicated that Lactobacillus delbrueckii was the most resistant microorganism tested, requiring 250 MPa to reach a six decimal reduction. Additionally, results showed that L. delbrueckii inactivation followed a second-order kinetic process. A multi-pass process and the use of a high initial beer temperature increased inactivation by HPH with L. delbrueckii, allowing the use of 150 MPa to achieve a five log cycle of inactivation. In contrast, a high CO2 concentration reduced the efficacy of the HPH process. The results that were obtained are useful for high-pressure homogenization applications in breweries and help to elucidate the effect of this new technology in a beverage that is both alcoholic and carbonated. Copyright (C) 2013 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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