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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Osteopontin in bone mineral density of very old Brazilians|
|Abstract:||Recent evidence suggests that changes in plasma levels of osteopontin (OPN) may be a promising marker for early diagnosis of bone disorders. We hypothesized that a frequent OPN gene polymorphism may be useful for identifying very old individuals with alterations in plasma OPN levels and consequently at risk of abnormal bone density scores. Men and women (80 years or older) living in the Brazilian Federal District underwent assessments with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral neck, femoral head and lumbosacral (L1 to S5) regions. Clinical inspection was performed to assess other physical traits and to exclude co-morbidities (cardiovascular, autoimmunity, infections or neoplastic diseases). Serum concentrations of OPN were determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, whereas the A7385G polymorphism (rs1126772) was determined by direct sequencing of a polymerase chain reaction product. Among the two hundred and ten subjects enrolled, no differential scores for bone mineral density could be observed across genotypes, but a greater content of circulating OPN was found among carriers of the A allele (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.05) even after adjustments. Serum OPN levels were negatively correlated with femoral neck density (P = 0.050 for BMD; P = 0.032 for T scores) but not with scores of the other regions investigated. Analyses with the sample dichotomized to age and body mass revealed that this inverse relationship was noticeable only among those aged within the highest and weighing within the lowest intervals. Our findings indicate elevated circulating osteopontin levels in patients with decreased bone mineral density, consistent with a modest contribution of an OPN allelic variation to its expression. Assessing the clinical relevance of our findings demands forthcoming studies.|
|Editor:||Springer Japan Kk|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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