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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Origin of magnetism in undoped TiO2 nanotubes|
|Abstract:||Magnetic properties of undoped anatase, rutile, and amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes grown by electrochemical anodization were studied by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and electron spin resonance (ESR) methods in the temperature range 1.8-300 K. All anatase, rutile, and amorphous TiO2 nanotubes were found to exhibit paramagnetic behaviors in the entire temperature range when tested with magnetic center concentrations of 6 x 10(17), 3 x 10(16), and 3 x 10(15) cm(-3), respectively. The diameter of the TiO2 nanotubes varied from 40-160 nm and has no significant effect on the magnetic properties observed. SQUID data showed strong nonlinear M-H relationships for anatase at low temperatures, and Arrot plot analysis suggested ferromagnetism in the sample with a Curie temperature T-C similar to 6 K. However, ESR studies showed no evidence for long-distance magnetic ordering. ESR studies revealed two magnetic centers with g(1) = 1 : 928 and g(2) = 2 : 028 that were common to all samples. The resonance peak at g1 = 1 : 922 was ascribed to Ti3+ cations centers resulting from oxygen vacancies, while the peak at g(2) = 2 : 028 was ascribed to surface absorbents. The amorphous sample ESR spectrum contained additional resonance peaks with corresponding g values at 2.228, 1.873, and 1.715 that possibly resulted from the disordered nature of these samples.|
|Editor:||Iop Publishing Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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