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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Host plant utilization and population abundance of three tropical species of Cassidinae (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae)
Author: Nogueira-de-Sa, F
Vasconcellos-Neto, J
Abstract: Considering the little information on the biology and phenology of Chrysomelidae beetles and interaction with their host plants, we have followed the populations of Stolas chalybea, S. areolata and Anacassis phaeopoda for 2 years in order to obtain basic biological data on them and to describe their occurrence throughout the year. After emerging from the eggs, larvae of the three studied species remained aggregated, although the size of the groups decreased as the larvae developed. Egg clusters and young larvae of the two Stolas species were more frequently found on the underside of leaves of their host plants and mature larvae of S. areolata were only observed on the upper side of leaves. Adults of the three species were always isolated and both Stolas species were more frequently found on the upper side of leaves. The number of new branches on the host plant and some other plant physical characteristics were significantly related to Cassidinae abundance. The three studied species became active with the end of the dry season, reproduced more intensely during the rainy season and reduced their activity with the lowering of temperature and rainfall. The beetles also showed a lower peak of egg laying at the end of diapause of adults. This pattern of Occurrence was very similar to the occurrence of leaves, especially the newest ones, on their host plants. Significant positive correlations between Cassidinae numbers and temperature showed that this parameter could influence ovipositing and mating activities.
Subject: Chrysomelidae
host plant
feeding resources
population fluctuation
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Citation: Journal Of Natural History. Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 37, n. 6, n. 681, n. 696, 2003.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/00222930110096753
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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