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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||OPIOID NATURE OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS AND STRESS-INDUCED ANALGESIA OBSERVED WITHOUT REEXPOSURE TO SHOCK|
|Abstract:||It has been shown that uncontrollable shocks that produce learned helplessness also produce long-term opioid analgesia if the animal is re-exposed to shock immediately before the test. The present study was conducted in order to investigate if this effect can be observed 24 h after the uncontrollable shock treatment without re-exposure to shock, and if it is opioid mediated. Long-term analgesia was found in the absence of re-exposure to shock, and was prevented by an i.p. injection of naloxone (10 mg/kg) administered 10 min before the test. The learned helplessness effect produced by the same shock treatment was prevented by the administration of 10 and 20 mg/kg of naloxone 10 min before the shuttle-box test, but not by a lower naloxone dose (5 mg/kg). These findings suggest that the shock re-exposure requirement proposed in previous studies is not crucial in determining the long-term analgesia, and that both the long-term analgesia and the learned helplessness effect produced by this shock treatment were opioid mediated.|
|Editor:||Rapid Science Publishers|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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