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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: In vitro inhibition of oral streptococci binding to the acquired pellicle by algal lectins
Author: Teixeira, EH
Napimoga, MH
Carneiro, VA
de Oliveira, TM
Nascimento, KS
Nagano, CS
Souza, JB
Havt, A
Pinto, VPT
Goncalves, RB
Farias, WRL
Saker-Sampaio, S
Sampaio, AH
Cavada, BS
Abstract: Aims: The initial colonization of the tooth by streptococci involves their attachment to adsorbed components of the acquired pellicle. Avoiding this adhesion may be successful in preventing caries at early stages. Salivary mucins are glycoproteins that when absorbed onto hydroxyapatite may provide binding sites for certain bacteria. Algal lectins may be especially interesting for oral antiadhesion trials because of their great stability and high specificity for mucins. This work aimed to evaluate the potential of two algal lectins to inhibit the adherence of five streptococci species to the acquired pellicle in vitro. Methods and Results: The lectins used were extracted from Bryothamnion triquetrum (BTL) and Bryothamnion seaforthii (BSL). Fluorescence microscopy was applied to visualize the ability of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled lectins to attach to the pellicle and revealed a similar capability for both lectins. Streptococcal adherence assays were performed using saliva-coated microtitre plates. BSL inhibited more than 75% of Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sobrinus and Streptococcus mutans adherence, achieving 92% to the latter. BTL only obtained statistically significant results on S. mitis and S. sobrinus, whose adherence was decreased by 32.5% and 54.4%, respectively. Conclusion: Algal lectins are able to inhibit streptococcal adherence. Significance and Impact of the Study: Our results support the proposed application of lectins in antiadhesion therapeutics.
Subject: acquired pellicle
algal lectin
Bryothamnion seaforthii lectin
Bryothamnion triquetrum
oral streptococci
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Blackwell Publishing
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03326.x
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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