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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||In vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide combined with chlorhexidine gel used as intracanal medicament|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2)) combined with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) gel against endodontic pathogens and to compare the results with the ones achieved by Ca(OH)(2) mixed with sterile water and by CHX gel alone. Two methods were used: the agar diffusion test and the direct contact test. Ca(OH)(2) + 2% CHX gel produced inhibitory zones ranging from 2.84 to 6.5 mm, and required from 30 seconds to 6 hours to eliminate all tested microorganisms. However, 2% CHX gel showed the largest microbial growth zones from 4.33 to 21.67 mm, and required I minute or less to inhibit all tested microorganisms. A paste of Ca(OH), plus sterile water inhibited only the microorganisms with which it was in direct contact and required from 30 seconds to 24 hours to kill all tested microorganisms. In conclusion, 2% CHX gel + Ca(OH)(2) showed better antimicrobial activity than Ca(OH)(2) manipulated with sterile water.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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