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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Hydrophilic coating of mitotane-loaded lipid nanoparticles: Preliminary studies for mucosal adhesion
Author: Severino, P
Souto, EB
Pinho, SC
Santana, MHA
Abstract: The aim of the present work was to load mitotane, an effective drug for adrenocortical carcinoma treatment, in solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). The SLN and NLC were successfully prepared by high shear homogenization followed by hot high pressure homogenization. Formulations were composed of cetyl palmitate as the solid lipid for SLN, whereas for NLC PEGylated stearic acid was selected as solid lipid and medium chain triacylglycerols as the liquid lipid. Tween (R) 80 and Span (R) 85 were used as surfactants for all formulations. The particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index (PI), encapsulation efficiency (EE), and loading capacity (LC) were evaluated. The SLN showed a mean particle size of 150 nm, PI of 0.20, and surface charge -10 mV, and the EE and LC could reach up to 92.26% and 0.92%, respectively. The NLC were obtained with a mean particle size of 250 nm, PI of 0.30, zeta potential -15 mV and 84.50% EE, and 0.84% LC, respectively. Hydrophilic coating of SLN with chitosan or benzalkonium chloride was effective in changing zeta potential from negative to positive values. The results suggest that mitotane was efficiently loaded in SLN and in NLC, being potential delivery systems for improving mitotane LC and controlled drug release.
Subject: Mitotane
solid lipid nanoparticles
nanostructured lipid carriers
PEGylated stearic acid
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Informa Healthcare
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3109/10837450.2011.614250
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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