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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Hydrogels from silk fibroin metastable solution: Formation and characterization from a biomaterial perspective|
de Moraes, MA
|Abstract:||Silk fibroin (SF) hydrogels were obtained from the dialysis of a SF metastable solution. Temperature and calcium concentration in SF solution/hydrogel were measured, as critical variables for SF gelation phenomenon. Gelation time of SF solution was increased by decreasing the dialysis temperature, whereas the residual calcium concentration was higher when higher dialysis temperatures were applied. Hydrogels obtained at 20 degrees C were characterized after freeze-drying. SEM micrographs showed porous structures, of ca. 20 mu m (in cross-sectional area) and 5 mu m (on surface). XRD indicated the presence of a beta-sheet structure that is formed during SF gelation. In hydrogel formation, SF molecules in solution are dehydrated and interact by intra and intermolecular hydrogen bonds, forming a stable hydrogel. DSC measurements showed the decomposition peak for SF at 290 degrees C, characteristic of SF beta-sheet structure, which is in accordance with the XRD results and demonstrate its high thermal resistance. SF hydrogels were found not to be toxic to cells using in vitro cytotoxicity tests. Results indicate that silk fibroin hydrogels hold promise for use in the biomaterial field. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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