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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Hybrid aniline/silica xerogel cation adsorption and thermodynamics of interaction|
|Abstract:||Aniline groups chemically immobilized on silica through the sol-gel process were employed to extract divalent nickel and manganese from aqueous solutions at room temperature. The maximum adsorption capacity of the xerogel was studied from adsorption isotherms using a batch technique. The isotherms obtained were adjusted following the Langmuir equation. The xerogel adsorbent appears to have better affinity for nickel than manganese. From calorimetric titration, thermodynamic data on cation/nitrogen basic atom interaction in the solid/liquid interface were determined. The enthalpic values, -0.46 +/- 0.02 and -0.29 +/- 0.02 kJ mol(-1) for nickel and manganese, respectively, are in agreement with the low availability of the basic nitrogen atom on the aniline group and also the possible steric hindrance of the phenyl group bonded to nitrogen. However, thermodynamics indicated the existence of favorable conditions for such cation-nitrogen interactions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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