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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence among inmates of the penitentiary complex of the region of Campinas, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Author: Osti, NM
de Castro, AFP
Ricci, LC
Abstract: Six hundred and ninety three male inmates from three penitentiaries, two (A and B) maximum-security systems and one (C) minimum-security facility, located in Campinas, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil were studied for the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies, using a cross-sectional design. The search for anti-HIV antibodies in 693 samples of sera collected was carried out by two serological tests: (a) the Microparticle enzyme immunoassay-HIV-1 and HIV-2 (MEIA) (Abbott Laboratories) and (b) the Western Blot-HIV-1 (WB) (Cambridge Biotech Corporation) to confirm positive results with MEIA. Sera reactivity for HIV antibodies was 14.4%. The highest frequency of anti-HIV antibodies was found in the A and B maximum-security prisons: 17% and 21.5%, respectively. In prison C, the frequency of reagents was 10.9%. Seventy three inmates, initially negative in the MEIA test, were checked again five and seven months later. Three of them, all from the maximum-security facilities, became reactive in the MEIA test, with confirmation in the WB, suggesting that serological conversion had occurred after imprisonment.
Subject: human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence
Country: Brasil
Editor: Fundaco Oswaldo Cruz
Citation: Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Fundaco Oswaldo Cruz, v. 94, n. 4, n. 479, n. 483, 1999.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761999000400009
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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