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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Human herpesvirus-7 in Brazilian liver transplant recipients: a follow-up comparison between molecular and immunological assays|
|Abstract:||P>Human herpesvirus-6 and -7 (HHV-6, HHV-7) remain latent after primary infection and can reactivate after transplantation. HHV-6 active infection has been related to some clinical manifestation, but the role of HHV-7 remains unclear. The clinical significance of HHV-7 DNAemia is not completely known and the immune response against HHV-7 has been poorly studied in transplantation. In this study, we investigated HHV-7 DNAemia in liver transplant recipients and evaluated the immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM response against HHV-7. A total of 22 adult liver transplant recipients were followed up for 90 days. HHV-7 DNAemia was detected by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in DNA extracted from sera. IgG and IgM detection was performed by immunofluorescent assay using HHV-7-infected cord blood mononuclear cells. A significant virus antibody response was defined as either a positive IgM or a >= 4-fold rise in the virus IgG antibody. All patients had pre-transplant HHV-7-positive serostatus. Nine of 22 (40.9%) patients presented HHV-7 DNAemia during follow-up. All these patients had anti-HHV-7-positive IgM and/or significant increase in IgG titers with concurrent or subsequent DNAemia. In patients without DNAemia and low persistent IgG antibody titers, IgM was not detected. Correlation between nested PCR and IgM detection was statistically significant (P=0.01). Our study indicates that nested PCR in DNA extraction from serum can be useful to detect and monitor HHV-7 active infection in liver transplant recipients. IgM antibody detection also can be useful as a first immunological technique to detect active infection, especially if combined with PCR.|
|Editor:||Wiley-blackwell Publishing, Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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