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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: HPLC determination of amoxicillin comparative bioavailability in healthy volunteers after a single dose administration.
Author: de Abreu, LRP
Ortiz, RAM
de Castro, SC
Pedrazzoli, J
Abstract: Purpose: An accurate, precise and sensitive HPLC assay was developed for the determination of amoxicillin in human plasma samples, to compare the bioavailability of two amoxicillin capsule (500 mg) formulations (Amoxicilina from Brazil, as a test formulation and Amoxil(R) from SmithKline Beecham Laboratories Ltda., Brazil, as a reference formulations) in 24 volunteers of both sexes. Methods: Amoxicillin concentrations were analyzed by combined reversed phase liquid chromatography and UV detection (lambda = 229 nm). Amoxicillin and cefadroxil (internal standard) were extracted from the plasma by addition of cold methanol. The separation was achieved using the Lichrosorb(R) 10 mum, C18 reversed phase column at room temperature. The mobile phase consisted of a 95% phosphate buffer (0.01 mol/L), pH = 4.8 and 5% acetonitrile mixture. The study was conducted using an open randomized 2-period crossover balanced design with a 1-week washout period between the doses. Plasma samples were obtained over an 8-hour period. The bioequivalence between the two formulations was assessed by calculating individual peak plasma concentrations (C-max) and area under the curve (AUC(0-8h)) ratios (test/reference). The statistical interval proposed was 80-125%, as established by the US Food and drug administration Agency. Results: The internal standard and amoxicillin eluted about 4.2 and 5.2 min, respectively at a flow rate of 1.3 ml/min. The mean absolute recovery of AMO in plasma was 90.0% at 3 mug/ml, 98.6% at 25 mug/ml and 95.3 at 50 mug/ml. The assay showed excellent relationships between peak height ratios and plasma concentrations (r(2) greater than or equal to 0.999). The limit of quantification was 1 mug/ml, based on 200 l of plasma. The geometric mean of Amoxicihna/Amoxi(R) 500 mg capsules individual percentage ratio was 101.4% for AUC(0-8h), and 99.9% for C-max. The 90% confidence intervals were 98.3-104.4% and 95.7-103.9%, respectively. Conclusion: This simple, rapid and selective method is suitable for pharmacokinetic, bioavailability and bioequivalence studies. Since the 90% Cl for both C-max and AUC(0-8h) lies within the 80-125% interval proposed by the Food and Drug Administration, it was concluded that Amoxicilina 500 mg capsules was bioequivalent to Amoxil(R) capsules 500 mg, in terms of both the rate and extent of absorption.
Country: Canadá
Editor: Canadian Soc Pharmaceutical Sciences
Citation: Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmaceutical Sciences. Canadian Soc Pharmaceutical Sciences, v. 6, n. 2, n. 223, n. 230, 2003.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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