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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: On the sticky cobwebs of two theridiid spiders (Araneae : Theridiidae)
Author: Gonzaga, MO
Leiner, NO
Santos, AJ
Abstract: In this study we describe and illustrate a new species, Chrysso intervales n. sp., based on males and females collected in Parque Estadual Intervales, an area of Atlantic Forest in the State of S (a) over tildeo Paulo, Brazil. We present data on habitat selection, web architecture, thread adhesiveness, diet, and mortality due to fungi for both Chrysso intervales and the sympatric species, Helvibis longicauda. Both species build webs on vegetation close to river margins, but they were not found in forest sites away from these shaded and extremely humid corridors. The webs of both species are entirely composed of viscid silk lines, occupying the space between two or more large leaves. The construction of this web type by Helvibis and Chrysso, and the large amount of viscid droplets in their threads, indicate that the investment in adhesive components in theridiids may be dependent on the ambient conditions. We suggest that the costs of maintaining viscid silk lines in humid areas may be relatively low, explaining the habitat restriction observed in the species studied. By selecting humid habitats, however, these spiders are susceptible to attacks by fungi. The webs constructed by both species intercepted mostly Diptera, especially tipulids, but H. longicauda was also observed consuming a wide variety of prey types.
Subject: habitat selection
pathogenic fungi
spider webs
viscid silk
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Citation: Journal Of Natural History. Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 40, n. 41795, n. 293, n. 306, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/00222930600703433
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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