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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Gynaecologic history in systemic sclerosis|
|Abstract:||The aim of the study was to analyse the gynaecologic history of 150 Brazilian patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) by comparing the outcome of the pregnancies before and after disease onset and in the two clinical variants of SSc, as well as to assess the effects of the pregnancy on the progress of the disease. A retrospective analysis was carried out of 150 female SSc patients, more than 18 years old, who attended the outpatient clinic of the Unit of Rheumatology of the State University of Campinas. The patients were questioned about the number of pregnancies, deliveries (full-term infants, premature births and twins) and fetal deaths (spontaneous abortions and perinatal deaths). These data were subdivided into pregnancies before and after SSc onset. In those gestations started after disease onset the patients were questioned about the evolution of SSc during the pregnancy. The patients were also asked about dyspareunia and the age at menopause. Thirty-two patients (21%) had never been pregnant, and only five of them were considered infertile. One hundred and eighteen patients (79%) had a total of 406 pregnancies, with an average of 3.4 per patient; there were 364 pregnancies before and 42 after SSc onset. There were 58 fetal deaths (14% of the pregnancies), 50 of these occurring before and eight after disease onset; 55 were spontaneous abortions and the other three were perinatal deaths. The fertility rate was higher in the limited SSc (3.6) than in the diffuse SSc patients (3.1), although the percentage of fetal deaths and the evolution of SSc during the pregnancy were similar in the two clinical variants. In the pregnancies that occurred after the onset of SSc, the clinical course remained stable in 72% of the cases, worsened in 14% and improved in 14%. Dyspareunia was mentioned by 49 patients (37% of those with an active sexual life). Menopause was reported by 72 patients, predominantly with limited SSc (61 patients). The fertility rate in the postmenopausal SSc patients was 3.9, similar to that observed in general postmenopausal population in Brazil. The analysis of the gynaecologic history in this series of SSc patients showed no increased risk in infertility or spontaneous abortions. The fertility rate in the two SSc clinical variants was higher than that observed in the local global population. Most of the patients who became pregnant after the onset of SSc showed no signs of worsening during the course of the disease.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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