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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||GSTM1 and codon 72 P53 polymorphism in multiple myeloma|
De Souza, CA
|Abstract:||The GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes reduce the effects of exposure to cytotoxic agents. Both genes have a null variant allele in which the entire gene is absent. On the other hand, a common polymorphism of the tumour suppressor P53 gene results in either arginine (A) or proline (P) at amino-acid position 72. The A and P alleles code proteins with distinct functions in apoptosis and DNA repair and have been associated with variable risks for several cancers. However, their roles in multiple myeloma (MM) are still unknown. We tested in study whether the GSTM1, GSTT1 and P53 genotypes altered the risk for MM in Brazilian patients. Genomic DNA from 106 patients and 230 controls were analysed by polymerase chain reaction-based methods for identification of the genotypes. Similar frequencies of the GSTM1, GSTT1 and P53 genotypes were seen in patients and controls. Individuals with the distinct genotypes had similar risks for disease. In contrast, an excess of the GSTM1 null (45.1 vs 17.2%, P=0.009), the P53 PP+AP (70.4 vs 44.8%, P=0.041) and the GSTM1 null plus P53 PP+AP (29.6 vs 10.3%, P=0.004) genotypes were seen in MM patients at stage III compared with those at stages I+II. Our data suggest that the GSTM1, GSTT1 and P53 genotypes do not influence the risk for MM. However, the inherited presence of the variant codon 72 P53 allele, described here for the first time, and the absence of the GSTM1 detoxification pathway, seem to act in disease progression in our country.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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