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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: High sensitivity LPG Mach-Zehnder sensor for real-time fuel conformity analysis
Author: Osorio, JH
Mosquera, L
Gouveia, CJ
Biazoli, CR
Hayashi, JG
Jorge, PAS
Cordeiro, CMB
Abstract: A high sensitivity refractive index sensor based on the combination of mechanically induced long period gratings (LPG) and fiber tapers was developed for real-time fuel quality analysis. The sensor was built in a Mach-Zehnder configuration by employing a pair of in-series gratings. In order to enhance sensor sensitivity, the region between both LPGs was tapered down from 125 to 10 mu m. The system was tested by measuring water concentration in ethanol and ethanol concentration in commercial gasoline. The tapered sensor has shown an average sensitivity of 930 nm/RIU, 18 times higher than the non-tapered version. The resolution limit of the system using spectral interrogation was estimated to be 0.06% of ethanol dissolved in gasoline. For the purpose of real-time monitoring, an interrogation system based on white light interferometry (WLI) and virtual instrumentation was employed to evaluate ethanol evaporation in water, avoiding the use of spectral analysis. The WLI system, using phase tracking techniques, enabled us to record the evolution of the ethanol concentration in water with a resolution of 0.005% (v/v).
Subject: fiber optics
long period grating
fiber taper
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Iop Publishing Ltd
Citation: Measurement Science & Technology. Iop Publishing Ltd, v. 24, n. 1, 2013.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/24/1/015102
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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