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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Glass transition phenomenon on shrinkage of papaya during convective drying|
|Abstract:||A differential scanning calorimeter was used to determine the T-g of papaya pieces equilibrated with several water activities. Thermograms revealed the existence of two T-g. The first, which presented lower value, is due to the matrix formed by sugar and water. The second one, less visible and less plasticized by water, probably corresponds to macromolecules. The data of T-g were satisfactory correlated by the Gordon-Taylor model. A convective tray dryer was used for the drying experiments, which were carried Out at air temperatures of 40 degrees C and 70 degrees C and air velocity of 1.0 m/s. The shrinkage behavior was accomplished by total area and apparent volume alterations along drying. Samples were photographed during process, and their length and lateral areas were measured using the lrnageJ (R) software. As result, the effect of air temperature on shrinkage was significant and the highest temperature (70 degrees C) induced higher extent of shrinkage values. At this condition, papaya sample was in a rubbery state, characterized by great matrix mobility, and remained so until the end of process, since product temperature (T-p) was above the T-g along the process. At lower temperature (40 degrees C), shrinkage stopped at a critical value of moisture content (0.21 g/g, wet basis), which coincided with the point in which the T-g was close to T-p. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
Coefficient of shrinkage
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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