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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Germination of Geonoma brevispatha (Arecaceae) in laboratory and its relation to the palm spatial distribution in a swamp forest|
|Abstract:||Geonoma brevispatha is a clonal palm species commonly found as tussocks in swamp and riparian forests in SE Brazil, occurring in the very transition between flooded pits/channels and dry mounds. Aiming to verify whether the germination responses could explain the spatial pattern of the palm tussocks in swamp forests, we investigated the germination in relation to the main environmental factors to which the seeds are subjected in their natural habitat. The seeds are recalcitrant since germination percentage is reduced with loss of moisture content. Germination did not differ on moist filter paper, semi-immersion (water up to half of the seed diameter) or complete immersion (water up to double of the seed diameter). Seeds did not germinate when stored in a closed bottle with water (that is, under low oxygen concentration), but remained viable for up to 8 weeks under this condition. The capacity to germinate in water with minimum oxygen availability may be considered ecologically advantageous in a swamp habitat. On the other hand, the capacity to germinate in moist filter paper indicates that, in natural conditions, the seed can germinate, provided there is a critical minimum of water availability. We concluded that the germination responses per se are not enough to explain the palm tussocks spatial pattern, but they are very well tuned with the conditions of the transitional zone between channels/pits (ever flooded micro-sites) and mounds (well-drained micro-sites), in which the species occurs in the swamp forest. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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