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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Geranylgeraniol and 6 alpha,7 beta-dihydroxyvouacapan-17 beta-oate methyl ester isolated from Pterodon pubescens Benth.: Further investigation on the antinociceptive mechanisms of action|
|Abstract:||The crude alcoholic extracts obtained from Pterodon pubescens Benth. seeds are widely used in Brazilian folk medicine as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-rheumatic tonics and depurative preparations. We previously demonstrated the antinociceptive activity on writhing capsaicin, glutamate, and hot-plate tests of two compounds isolated from P. pubescens: geranylgeraniol (C1) and 6 alpha,7 beta-dihydroxyvouacapan-17 beta-oate methyl ester (C2). This work is a continuation of the previous study investigating the possible mechanisms of action for compounds C1 and C2, and the differences between them. The present study demonstrated that when administered intraperitoneally (i.p.): i), compounds C1 and C2 produced significant anti-allodynic activity during the acute phase of the Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced persistent pain model; ii) compound C1 produced significant anti-hypernociception activity in the carrageenan-induced pain model; iii) compound C2 presented a significant loss of activity after p-chlorophenylalanine methyl ester hydrochloride (PCPA) [5-HT synthesis inhibitor] treatment, suggesting that the mechanisms of action could be related to either the synthesis or release of serotonin; iv) compound C1 presented a significant loss of activity after ondansetron (5-HT(3) receptor antagonist) treatment suggesting activity upon 5-HT3 serotonin receptors; v) compound C1 presented a significant loss of activity after efaroxan (mixed I(1) imidazoline/alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist) treatment suggesting the participation of this compound upon imidazoline receptors: and vi) both compounds C1 and C2 did not appear to exert their activity via 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(2A), imidazoline I(2), alpha(2)-adrenoceptor, nitric oxide, GABA(A), acetylcholine muscarinic, and nicotinic receptors when evaluated in acetic acid-induced nociception. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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