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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Geology and impact features of Riachao structure, northern Brazil|
|Abstract:||RiachAo, located at S7 degrees 42/W46 degrees 38 in MaranhAo State, northeastern Brazil, is a complex impact structure of about 4.1km diameter, formed in Pennsylvanian to Permian sedimentary rocks of the Parnaiba Basin sequence. Although its impact origin was already proposed in the 1970s, information on its geology and shock features is still scarce in the literature. We present here the main geomorphological and geological characteristics of the RiachAo impact structure obtained by integrated geophysical and remote sensing analysis, as well as geological field work and petrographic analysis. The identified lithostratigraphic units consist of different levels of the Pedra de Fogo Formation and, possibly, the Piaui Formation. Our petrographic analysis confirms the presence of shock-diagnostic planar microdeformation structures in quartz grains of sandstone from the central uplift as evidence for an impact origin of the RiachAo structure. The absence of crater-filling impact breccias and melt rocks, shatter cones, as well as the restricted occurrence of microscopic shock effects, suggests that intense and relatively deep erosion has occurred since crater formation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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